Work-based Learning


Work-based learning is one of the 12 elements in ACTE’s comprehensive, research-based Quality CTE Program of Study Framework. The following are resources to help you provide high-quality work-based learning. This page is under development; additional resources and tags to individual criteria within the Quality CTE Program of Study Framework will be added in summer 2018. 

Work-based Learning Strategies

Taking Business to School Case Study Series
ACTE, various

Career Exploration in Middle School: Setting Students on the Path to Success
ACTE, May 2017

The Role of Industry-Education Partnerships in Creating Career Pathways
King, ACTE Techniques Magazine, March 2016

The Kentucky Federation for Advanced Manufacturing Education: Employer Engagement at Its Best 
Leveridge, ACTE Techniques Magazine, March 2016

Multi-Rater Feedback: Improving Students’ Readiness for the OR
Wachter and Lion, ACTE Techniques Magazine, March 2016

Work-Based Learning for the New Economy: From “K to J” in Tennessee
Gibney, ACTE Techniques Magazine, May 2015

Workplace Immersion for Accelerated Learning
Jacobson, ACTE Techniques Magazine, April 2015

Powerful Work-based Learning
Jacobson, ACTE Techniques Magazine, January 2015

Building High-quality Work-based Learning Programs for High School Students
Alfeld, ACTE Techniques Magazine, January 2015

Work-based Learning: The Key to Connecting Students to the World of Work
Xanthis, ACTE Techniques Magazine, January 2015

Rebuilding with Education 
Mann Jackson, ACTE Techniques Magazine, February 2014

Learning to Learn: Why the Supervised Ag Experience Is Key to Agricultural Education
Fritsch, ACTE Techniques Magazine, October 2013

Required High School Internships
Graham and Morrow, ACTE Techniques Magazine, March 2013

Connecting the Classroom to Careers series
Advance CTE, various

Work-based Learning Opportunities for High School Students
Alfeld et. al, FHI 360 and the National Research Center for CTE, 2013

Work Based Learning in Linked Learning: Definitions, Outcomes, and Quality Criteria
ConnectEd California

Making Youth Employment Work: Essential Elements for a Successful Strategy
U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation, 2015

Work-based Courses: Bringing College to the Production Line
Kobes and Girardi, Jobs for the Future, July 2016

Using Internships to Deepen Classroom Learning and Develop Professional Skills
Whitehill, Dowding, Wolcott and Nadeau, Eskolta School Research and Design, Inc., July 2013

Work-Based Learning in Action Case Studies
Jobs for the Future, various

Work-Based Learning and Social Support: Relative Influences on High School Seniors’ Occupational Engagement Orientations
Bennett, Career and Technical Education Research, January 2007 ($)

Apprenticeships

The Renaissance of Registered Apprenticeship Programs
Gaal and Johnson, ACTE Techniques Magazine, March 2016

Pennsylvania Youth Apprenticeship Program: Over 20 Years of On-the-Job Training
Scarpello, ACTE Techniques Magazine, January 2015

Connecting Secondary Career and Technical Education and Registered Apprenticeship: A Profile of Six State Systems
Rice, Hudson, Rasmussen Foster and Klein, National Innovation Center for CTE, July 2016

Opportunities for Connecting Secondary Career and Technical Education (CTE) Students and Apprenticeship Programs
Kreamer and Zimmermann, Advance CTE, June 2017

Apprenticeship Carolina™: Building a 21st Century Workforce through Statewide Collaboration
Stieritz, Community College Journal of Research and Practice, October 2009 ($)

Apprenticeships Link Community‐Technical Colleges and Business and Industry for Workforce Training
Cantor, Community College Journal of Research and Practice, July 2006 ($)

Overcoming Legal and Access Challenges

Not As Hard As You Think: Engaging High School Students in Work-Based Learning
Cahill and Jackson, Jobs for the Future, May 2015

Connecting the Classroom to Careers: Removing Legal Barriers around Work-based Learning
Advance CTE, April 2016

CTE on the Frontier: Connecting Rural Learners to the World of Work
Advance CTE, September 2017

Simulated Work-based Learning: Instructional Approaches and Noteworthy Practices
Moyer, Snodgrass, Klein and Tebben, National Center for Innovation in Career Technical Education, September 2017

Youth with Disabilities in Work-Based Learning Programs: Factors that Influence Success
Scholl and Mooney, Journal for Vocational Special Needs Education, 2003/2004

Curriculum-Based Virtual Field Trips: Career Development Opportunities for Students with Disabilities
Elleven et. al, Journal for Vocational Special Needs Education, 2006

Guides, Toolkits and Standards

Work-Based Learning Continuum
Linked Learning

Work-Based Learning Manual
FHI 360

Guide to Work-Based Learning: A Continuum of Activities and Experience
National Academy Foundation

Preparing Youth for Life: The Gold Standards for High School Internships
National Academy Foundation

Work-based Learning Tool Kit
ConnectEd Studios

ApprenticeshipUSA Toolkit
U.S. Department of Labor

Internship Handbook for Career Academies
Winthrop, College and Career Academy Support Network, 2001

Mentor Handbook for Career Academies
College and Career Academy Support Network, 2003

Work-Based Learning Definitions: Themes From States and National Organizations
College & Career Readiness & Success Center, January 2018

Forms on File: Work-based Learning ($)
Copeland, 2015

CTE Work-based Learning Guide
Virginia Department of Education, 2017

Work-based Learning Policy Guide
Tennessee Department of Education, May 2017

Youth Internship Program Framework
South Dakota Department of Education

Work-Based Learning Manual Guidelines and Tools to Support Work-Based Learning for All Learners
Vermont Agency of Education, 2017

Work Based Learning Manual
Indiana Department of Education, 2015-2016

Work-Based Learning Manual
Work Experience Coordinators’ Association of New York State, 2017

Worksite Learning Manual
Washington State Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, 2012

Quality Work-Based Learning Toolkit
New York City Department of Education

Work-Based Learning Manual
Kentucky Office of Career and Technical Education, March 2015

Work-Based Learning Implementation Guidelines
South Carolina Department of Education, 2017

Work-based Learning Guide
Idaho Division of CTE, 2010