Access and Equity


Access and equity is one of 12 elements of high-quality CTE, defined in ACTE’s comprehensive, research-based Quality CTE Program of Study Framework. The following reports, articles, guides and toolkits can help you develop and support access and equity in high-quality CTE programs of study. This page is under development; additional resources and tags will be added in summer 2018. 

CTE Program Promotion

Up, Up and Away: Comic Books for CTE Program Promotion
Schutt, Washer and Conrad, ACTE Techniques Magazine, February 2018

Messaging Matters: Designing Communications Tools to Support CTE Data Use
Graham and Klein, ACTE Techniques Magazine, February 2018

The Power of Micromessages in Marketing, Recruitment and Success in CTE
Williams, ACTE Techniques Magazine, February 2018

Communicating the Value and Promise of CTE With Parents and Students
Fitzgerald, ACTE Techniques Magazine, February 2018

Recruit Students into CTE
Advance CTE

  • Core Messages for Attracting Students to Career Technical Education
  • Making a Winning Case for CTE: How Local Leaders Can Put This Research to Work
  • Increasing Student Enrollment in CTE Programs: Parent Engagement Tool
  • Guides: Social Media, Focus Groups, Posters, Postcards and Videos

Access and Equity Strategies

Increasing Access, Equity and Diversity: NAPE’s Program Improvement Process for Equity
Williams, ACTE Techniques Magazine, November/December 2016

Overcoming Barriers: Supporting Nontraditional, Underserved and Special Populations
Minnesota Foundation for Student Organizations, 2014 

Achieving Educational Equity and Justice in Career Academies: Challenges and Promising Strategies
Aspen Institute, May 2017

Ensuring Equity in Problem-based Learning Toolkit ($)
National Alliance for Partnerships in Equity (NAPE)

Rural Issues

CTE’s Role in Rural Education
ACTE, August 2015

Providing Access to CTE Through Residential Programs
Scala, Peterson and Poland, ACTE Techniques Magazine, January 2016

CTE Delivery in Rural Ohio
Huston, ACTE Techniques Magazine, January 2016

Small Texas District Makes Big Gains
Farmer, ACTE Techniques Magazine, January 2016

The New Rural CTE: A Promising Development
Hoffman and Cahill, ACTE Techniques Magazine, January 2016

CTE As a Lifelong Learning Portal
Lassiter, ACTE Techniques Magazine, January 2016

CTE on the Frontier Series
Advance CTE, various

Simulated Work-based Learning: Instructional Approaches and Noteworthy Practices
Moyer, Snodgrass, Klein and Tebben, National Center for Innovation in Career Technical Education, September 2017

Students with Disabilities

CTE and IEPs: Making the System Work for All
Mahadevan, Grenwelge and Peterson, ACTE Techniques Magazine, October 2014

Universal Design for Learning for CTE
Mahadevan, Texas Education Agency, 2014

Curriculum-Based Virtual Field Trips: Career Development Opportunities for Students with Disabilities
Elleven et. al, Journal for Vocational Special Needs Education, 2006

Youth with Disabilities in Work-Based Learning Programs: Factors that Influence Success
Scholl and Mooney, Journal for Vocational Special Needs Education, 2003/2004

Students with Disabilities in Massachusetts CTE Programs
Hehir, Dougherty and Grindal, Thomas Hehir and Associates, 2013

CTE for Students with Disabilities: Guidance for West Virginia Schools and Districts
West Virginia Department of Education, 2013

Economically-disadvantaged Students/Low-skilled Adults/English Language Learners

Making an Impact: How CTSOs Support Students in Poverty
Saed and Scates-Winston, ACTE Techniques Magazine, September 2017

Work-based Learning for Youth at Risk: Getting Employers on Board
OECD, December 2016

Teaching English Language Learners in CTE Programs
Hernández-Gantes and Blank, 2009

Moving Beyond the GED: Low-Skilled Adult Transition to Occupational Pathways at Community Colleges Leading to Family-Supporting Careers – Research Synthesis
Park, Ernst and Kim, National Research Center for CTE, 2007

Bridges to Careers for Low-Skilled Adults: A Program Development Guide
Women Employed, 2005

A Cross-case Analysis of Career Pathway Programs that Link Low-skilled Adults to Family-sustaining Wage Careers
Bragg et. al, National Research Center for CTE, October 2007

Partnerships Between Community Colleges and Prisons: Providing Workforce Education and Training to Reduce Recidivism
U.S. Department of Education, March 2009

Gender Diversity/Non-traditional Participation

Driving Gender Diversity in Computer Science
Chartier, ACTE Techniques Magazine, October 2017

Nontraditional Career Preparation: Root Causes & Strategies
National Alliance for Partnerships in Equity, 2009

Strategies for Increasing Female Participation in Technology-Based CTE Courses
Tate, The CTE Journal, 2017