International CTE - South America
Argentina's network of vocational schools, many under the auspices of the National Technological University, have historically given students viable alternatives to academic pathways.
There is a need to promote technical and vocational education in Brazil to prepare youths for employment. Secondary education has recently begun to be integrated to professional and technical education in 20 (out of 27) Brazilian federative units, particularly in the northern and northeastern regions of the country. More information is available from UNESCO.
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This document from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development outlines how Chile manages its CTE.
The Colombian tertiary education system is diverse in that it consists of both public and private institutions in the university and non-university tiers. This diversity allows choice and responsiveness to different needs and circumstances. The four types of tertiary education institutions include universities, university institutions, technological institutions and technical training institutions. These universities serve as teaching institutions and are available to the community for research useful to its field and/or country. Non-university institutions provide courses that respond to the demands of the labor market and also have lower student costs.
There are about 10 technical/vocational schools that are postsecondary in nature across the country. Among the more prominent technical/vocational schools are the Government Technical Institute, Guyana Industrial Training Centre, Carnegie School of Home Economics, Guyana School of Agriculture, New Amsterdam Technical Institute and the Linden Technical Institute. Private entities, such as the Guyana Sugar Corporation and the Private Aircraft Owners Association, also provide technical education. More information is available here.
The recent development of public secondary school and universities in the country has lead to a more enhanced educational system in Paraguay. The education is divided into three systems—elementary, secondary and university education. Elementary education is mandatory and free for children from ages 7-14. Elementary education lasts for six years, while secondary education is divided into two phases of three years each. There are also many renowned universities in Paraguay, and many students come to study from outside the country. The literacy rate is very high in Paraguay, but the country is constantly working to improve the educational system to provide the very best institutions.
Peru's educational system is regarded as the finest on the continent. This program by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation highlights CTE.
Students who follow the general junior secondary education track are required to take an entry exam, in the third or fourth year, for university preparatory education and general senior secondary education. Students with the higher scores can follow the three-year university preparatory school. Students with lower scores can follow the two-year general senior secondary education, which prepares them for the higher vocation education.
Uruguay has only one public university, the University of the Republic, and only one private university, the Catholic University of Uruguay. Education at the University of the Republic is free and open to all students who have a bachillerato, or a certificate for completion of both cycles of general secondary education. The average time it takes a student to graduate is four to six years, sometimes longer. Some of the most popular majors within the university were law, social science, engineering, medicine, economics and administration.
Venezuela has implemented a fully gratis educational system. Higher education institutions are traditionally divided into technical schools and universities. Technical schools award the student with the tile of Técnico Superior Universitario (literally, University Higher Technician, to distinguish from Technicians of the Sciences) or Licenciado (literally, Licentiate) after completing a three-year program. Universities award the student with the title of Ingeniero (literally, Engineer) after completing a five-year program. Some higher education institutions may award Diplomados (literally, Diploma), but the time necessary to obtain one varies. More information is available from the Ministry of Education (Spanish).
Venezuela's capital, Caracas, is also home to UNESCO's Institute for Higher Education.