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ASSOCIATION FOR CAREER & TECHNICAL EDUCATION

CTE Research

History of CTE

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Career and technical education as we know it today has its roots in the founding of the United States. From the start, a strong knowledge base and skill set for citizens were considered important. The following four articles from the old AVA Journal in 1976 show how career and technical education has adapted over time to stay at the forefront of American society.

The Awakening, 1776-1826
The right to a free public education for children was stressed early in the United States as there was a need to educate future leaders. Apprenticeships were giving way to formal schooling in certain trades. During the first 50 years of the United States, public education was largely limited to boys, although in the early-1800s, girls began to enter schools to prepare for teaching.

Independent Action, 1826-1876
In the early 19th century, the workforce and the public education system started to work together to create a continuous stream of workers for different jobs. Schools specializing in training students to enter a certain area of the workforce started to open their doors, creating the basic framework for career and technical education. The idea started to spread to women’s colleges in the 1840s. The beginning of public high schools is explored to continue to educate citizens.

The Vocational Education Age Emerges, 1876-1926
The first manual training school, established in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1879, set the foundation for modern career and technical education. The school combined hands-on learning with classroom learning. The article describes the first trade school, which opened in New York in 1881. Near the turn of the 20th century, agricultural education started to thrive with agriculture schools starting to open their doors. Bills passed to support career and technical education are explored.

Coming of Age, 1926-1976
The first mass acceptance of career and technical education came after World War I and the movement spread in the years that followed. Career and technical education expanded to include adult education and retraining citizens to re-enter the workforce. World War II caused a surge in career and technical education as technical skills were needed for defense purposes.

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CTE Clearinghouse: Community College Transformation

Community colleges play an important role in developing the U.S. workforce, but have faced challenges related to access, completion and resources. These articles, research papers, policy reports and online media focus on community college best practices, collaboration with business and institutional reform.

CTE Clearinghouse: Programs of Study, Career Pathways and Career Clusters

Techniques Advert Events Partners Countdown CTE programs that receive Perkin’s funding are required to offer at least one program of study that includes coherent and rigorous content aligned with challenging academic standards and relevant career and technical content. The content must be delivered in a coordinated, non-duplicative progression of courses that align secondary education with postsecondary education and lead to an industry-recognized credential or certificate at the postsecondary level or an associate or baccalaureate degree. The following resources include best practice articles, research reports, podcasts, Webinars, and presentations that address strategies CTE programs have used to successfully implement programs of study. ACTE Resources  Techniques Articles  A Closer Look at Programs of Study  VISION Presentations  Connect to Clusters   Programs of Study: Early Lessons From Three Field-based Studies   What Do Mature Programs of Study Look Like? Early Findings From a Longitudinal Study  NRCCTE Resources  Research Reports  What Will Be the Impact of Programs of Study?: A Preliminary Assessment Based on Similar Previous Initiatives, State Plans for Implementation, and Career Development Theory  Programs of Study: Year 2 Joint Technical Report  Podcasts  Rigorous Tests of Student Outcomes in CTE Programs of Study Updates 1, 2, 3, 4    What Will Be the Impact of Programs of Study? A Preliminary Assessment   Video/Webinars  Programs of Study Seminar at the ACTE National Policy Seminar and Q&A  Programs of Study: Orangeburg-Calhoun Technical College  Programs of Study: Brevard Public Schools, Florida  Green Programs of Study: Los Angeles Trade-Tech College - Part 1  Green Programs of Study: Los Angeles Trade-Tech College - Part 2  Programs of Study: Omaha Public Schools Video and Webinar on Programs of Study Reports  Career and Technology Education: Educating Tomorrow's Workforce Today. Maryland High School Career and Technology Education Programs of Study. Second Edition (Maryland Department of Education) The Theory and Application of Contextualized Teaching and Learning in Relation to Programs of Study and Career Pathways. Transition Highlights. Issue 2 (Office of Community College Research and Leadership) Illinois' Career Cluster Model (Office of Community College Research and Leadership)  Peer Reviewed Research  Journal Articles   A Taxonomic Description of the Science Integrating Learning Objectives in Career and Technical Education Programs of Study (Career and Technical Education Research) ($) The Success of Implementing Programs of Study in Health Careers through Career Clusters and Pathways (Career and Technical Education Research) ($) Other Organizations   Perkins Collaborative Resource Network 

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