Elementary and Secondary Education Act
- The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was last reauthorized as the No Child Left Behind Act in 2002 as Public Law 107-110.
- It was originally scheduled for reauthorization in 2007, but has
been delayed numerous times (the program continues under the prior law
with congressional funding).
- The latest updates can be found on the ESEA section of the CTE Policy Watch blog.
ACTE Positions & Statements
Other Groups' Positions
The Elementary and Secondary Education
Act was originally passed 1965. Recent reauthorizations include the
Education Consolidation and Improvement Act of 1981 and Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994. No Child Left Behind, the current reauthorization, passed in 2002. This Act, which funds
primary and secondary education, made significant changes in education
policy to close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility,
and choice, so that “no child is left behind.” Key components of the law
include increased accountability for
states, school districts, and schools; teacher quality provisions;
greater choice for parents and students, particularly those attending
low-performing schools; more flexibility for states and local
educational agencies in the use of federal education dollars; and a
stronger emphasis on what has been proven to work through scientifically
based research. The titles of the Act include:
Title I—Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged
Title II—Preparing, Training and Recruiting High Quality Teachers and Principals
Title III—Language Instruction of Limited English Proficient and Immigrant Students
Title IV—21st Century Schools
Title V—Promoting Informed Parental Choice and Innovative Programs
Title VI—Flexibility and Accountability
Title VII—Indian, Native Hawaiian and Alaska Native Education
Title VIII—Impact Aid Program
Title IX—General Provisions
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act is also tied in closely with
Perkins. Specifically, under Perkins, the success of CTE programs is
determined by several pieces of the No Child Left Behind adequate yearly
progress system. Specific indicators include student attainment of
challenging academic content standards and student academic achievement
standards, and student graduation rates.
In the years since
the Elementary and Secondary Education Act came due for reauthorization,
congressional gridlock has prevented Congress from updating the antiquated law.
In order to avoid states and schools from falling victim to the unachievable
ideals of AYP, the Obama Administration bypassed Congress to relieve states
from current ESEA accountability standards. In September 2011, the Department
of Education invited states to apply for a waiver of flexibility from
certain provisions in ESEA, including AYP. In exchange, states had to submit a
rigorous and comprehensive state-developed plan to improve education outcomes
for all students, close achievement gaps, increase equity and improve the
quality of instruction. Since that time, almost all states have been involved in the waiver process, and each is operating under different plans and parameters.